In volumetric analysis, the quantities of the constituents present in the given unknown solution are determined by measuring the volumes of the solutions taking part in the given chemical reaction. The main process of this analysis is called titration which means the determination of the volume of a reagent required to bring a definite reaction to completion.
When the substance involved in titration is an acid or a base the process is called acid-base titration.
During volumetric analysis we have to prepare solutions of known concentrations. In this unit, we shall study how to prepare solutions of substances with known concentrations. We shall also learn about acid-base titration.