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Introduction THE CONCEPTS AND PROPERTIES OF ACIDS AND BASES

Certain substances, when dissolved in water, conduct electricity. Such substances are called electrolytes. The various substances which act as electrolytes can be classified into three types: acids, bases and salts. The properties of aqueous solutions of acids and bases are listed below:

A salt is formed by the reaction of an acid with a base. The reaction is known as

neutralization.

Acid + Base à salt water

HCI (aq) + NaOH (aq) à H2O