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Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons. Because of their low reactivity, they are also called paraffins (from Latin, meaning little affinity or reactivity). The open chain (aliphatic) alkanes have general formula CnH2n+2 while cycloalkanes have general formula CnR2nยท All the carbon atoms in alkanes are sp3-hybridized. Alkanes have tetrahedral structure around each carbon.