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IntroductionALKANES

Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons. Because of their low reactivity, they are also called paraffins (from Latin, meaning little affinity or reactivity). The open chain (aliphatic) alkanes have general formula CnH2n+2 while cycloalkanes have general formula CnR2nยท All the carbon atoms in alkanes are sp3-hybridized. Alkanes have tetrahedral structure around each carbon.