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Nomenclature

In the common system, alkanols are named as alkyl alcohols. In IUPAC system, the names of saturated alcohols are derived from corresponding alkanes by replacing ‘e’ of alkanes by ‘ol’. The general IUPAC name of alcohols is alkanol. The IUPAC names of a few members of this class are given in table 44.1.


Table 44.1 IUPAC names of some alkyl alcohols

Some more examples of alcohols are given below:

In IUPAC system, dihydric alcohols are named as alkanediols and trihydric alcohols are named as alkanetriols.